Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

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Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:16 pm

Divided by centuries chronologically, living in a society both would find mutually unrecognisable, espousing entirely alien belief systems, working to completely different artistic credos, the work of Hieronymus Bosch (1450 – 1516) might almost be mistaken for that of members of the 20th c Surrealist movement.

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The Garden of Earthly Delights- Hieronymus Bosch.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:19 pm


Birds swarming through cavities of a hut-shaped form in the left background of the left panel.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:21 pm


The central water-bound globe in the middle panel's upper background is a hybrid of stone and organic matter. It is adorned by nude figures cavorting both with each other and with various creatures, some of whom are realistic, others are fantastic or hybrid.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:24 pm


A group of nude females from the center panel. One female wears a cherry—a symbol of pride—on her head. To her left a male drinks lustfully from an organic vessel. Behind the group one male carries another encased in a mussel shell.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:26 pm


Detail showing a group of figures plucking fruit from a tree. A man carries a large strawberry, while an owl looks on in the foreground.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:30 pm


Detail showing nudes cavorting within a transparent sphere. What appear to be cracks in the sphere, may forecast the fragility of joyful passion. The figures's arms are entwined, while the female's head bends towards the male's attentive mouth. Their innocence contrasts with the atmosphere of the right-hand panel, where human figures are depicted in shame of their nakedness.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:33 pm


A scene from the hellscape panel showing the long beams of light emitted from the burning city in the panel's background.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:35 pm


The "Tree-Man" of the right panel, and a pair of human ears brandishing a blade. A cavity in the torso is populated by gamblers and drunkards. It is believed that the tree-man may represent the Antichrist.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:38 pm


Detail showing the "Prince of Hell". Gibson compares the monster to a similar figure in the 12th century Irish religious text Vision of Tundale, who feeds on the souls of corrupt and lecherous clergy.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:41 pm


Detail from the center panel showing two cherry-adorned dancing figures who carry a surface on which an owl is perched. In the front right corner a bird standing on a reclining human's foot is about to eat from a cherry offered to it.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:45 pm


The Temptation of St Anthony- Triptych by Bosch.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 9:59 pm


The Temptaption of St Anthony (detail)- Bosch.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 10:00 pm


The Temptation of St Anthony (detail)- Bosch.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 10:02 pm


The Temptation of St Anthony (detail)- Bosch.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 10:05 pm


The Temptation of St Anthony (detail)- Bosch.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 10:06 pm


The Temptation of St Anthony (detail)- Bosch.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

Post  eddie on Sun Jun 26, 2011 10:10 pm


The Temptation of St Anthony (detail) - Bosch.

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Re: Hieronymus Bosch: the first surrealist?

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