Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

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Best State in the Whole World--The Two Finalists

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Wed Jan 07, 2015 8:20 am

"Perhaps the strongest thread that runs through the Valley's past and present is the drive to "play" with novel technology, which, when bolstered by an advanced engineering degree and channeled by astute management, has done much to create the industrial powerhouse we see in the Valley today."

Stanford University, its affiliates, and graduates have played a major role in the development of this area. Some examples include the work of Lee De Forest with his invention of a pioneering vacuum tube called the Audion and the oscilloscopes of Hewlett-Packard.

A very powerful sense of regional solidarity accompanied the rise of Silicon Valley. From the 1890s, Stanford University's leaders saw its mission as service to the West and shaped the school accordingly. At the same time, the perceived exploitation of the West at the hands of eastern interests fueled booster-like attempts to build self-sufficient indigenous local industry. Thus, regionalism helped align Stanford's interests with those of the area's high-tech firms for the first fifty years of Silicon Valley's development.

During the 1940s and 1950s, Frederick Terman, as Stanford's dean of engineering and provost, encouraged faculty and graduates to start their own companies. He is credited with nurturing Hewlett-Packard, Varian Associates, and other high-tech firms, until what would become Silicon Valley grew up around the Stanford campus. Terman is often called "the father of Silicon Valley".

In 1956 William Shockley, the creator of the transistor, moved from New Jersey to Mountain View, California to start Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory to live closer to his ailing mother in Palo Alto, California. Shockley's work served as the basis for many electronic developments for decades.

During 1955–85, solid state technology research and development at Stanford University followed three waves of industrial innovation made possible by support from private corporations, mainly Bell Telephone Laboratories, Shockley Semiconductor, Fairchild Semiconductor, and Xerox PARC. In 1969, the Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International), operated one of the four original nodes that comprised ARPANET, predecessor to the Internet.

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Wed Jan 07, 2015 8:21 am

Social roots of information technology revolution

It was in Silicon Valley that the silicon-based integrated circuit, the microprocessor, and the microcomputer, among other key technologies, were developed. As of 2013 the region employed about a quarter of a million information technology workers. Silicon Valley was formed as a milieu of innovations by the convergence on one site of new technological knowledge; a large pool of skilled engineers and scientists from major universities in the area; generous funding from an assured market with the Defense Department; the development of an efficient network of venture capital firms; and, in the very early stage, the institutional leadership of Stanford University.

Roots in radio and military technology

The first ship-to-shore wireless telegraph message to be received in the US was from the San Francisco lightship outside the Golden Gate, signaling the return of the American fleet from the Philippines after their victory in the Spanish–American War. The ship had been outfitted with a wireless telegraph transmitter by a local newspaper, so that they could prepare a celebration on the return of the American sailors.

The Bay Area had long been a major site of United States Navy research and technology. In 1909, Charles Herrold started the first radio station in the United States with regularly scheduled programming in San Jose. Later that year, Stanford University graduate Cyril Elwell purchased the U.S. patents for Poulsen arc radio transmission technology and founded the Federal Telegraph Corporation (FTC) in Palo Alto. Over the next decade, the FTC created the world's first global radio communication system, and signed a contract with the Navy in 1912.

In 1933, Air Base Sunnyvale, California, was commissioned by the United States Government for use as a Naval Air Station (NAS) to house the airship USS Macon in Hangar One. The station was renamed NAS Moffett Field, and between 1933 and 1947, U.S. Navy blimps were based there. A number of technology firms had set up shop in the area around Moffett Field to serve the Navy. When the Navy gave up its airship ambitions and moved most of its west coast operations to San Diego, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA, forerunner of NASA) took over portions of Moffett Field for aeronautics research. Many of the original companies stayed, while new ones moved in. The immediate area was soon filled with aerospace firms, such as Lockheed. On October 4, 1957 the Soviet Union launched the first space satellite, which sparked a fear that the United States would go to war with Russia. After President Eisenhower signed the National Aeronautics and Space Act (NASA), he turned to the only company in the world who were able to make transistors: Fairchild Semiconductor. The president funded their project. They were highly successful and their company was put on the map.

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Wed Jan 07, 2015 8:21 am

Stanford Industrial Park

After World War II, universities were experiencing enormous demand due to returning students. To address the financial demands of Stanford's growth requirements, and to provide local employment opportunities for graduating students, Frederick Terman proposed the leasing of Stanford's lands for use as an office park, named the Stanford Industrial Park (later Stanford Research Park). Leases were limited to high technology companies. Its first tenant was Varian Associates, founded by Stanford alumni in the 1930s to build military radar components. However, Terman also found venture capital for civilian technology start-ups. One of the major success stories was Hewlett-Packard. Founded in Packard's garage by Stanford graduates William Hewlett and David Packard, Hewlett-Packard moved its offices into the Stanford Research Park shortly after 1953. In 1954, Stanford created the Honors Cooperative Program to allow full-time employees of the companies to pursue graduate degrees from the University on a part-time basis. The initial companies signed five-year agreements in which they would pay double the tuition for each student in order to cover the costs. Hewlett-Packard has become the largest personal computer manufacturer in the world, and transformed the home printing market when it released the first thermal drop-on-demand ink jet printer in 1984. Other early tenants included Eastman Kodak, General Electric, and Lockheed.

Silicon transistor and the birth of Silicon Valley

In 1953, William Shockley left Bell Labs in a disagreement over the handling of the invention of the transistor. After returning to California Institute of Technology for a short while, Shockley moved to Mountain View, California, in 1956, and founded Shockley Semiconductor Laboratory. Unlike many other researchers who used germanium as the semiconductor material, Shockley believed that silicon was the better material for making transistors. Shockley intended to replace the current transistor with a new three-element design (today known as the Shockley diode), but the design was considerably more difficult to build than the "simple" transistor. In 1957, Shockley decided to end research on the silicon transistor. As a result of Shockley's abusive management style, eight engineers left the company to form Fairchild Semiconductor; Shockley referred to them as the "traitorous eight". Two of the original employees of Fairchild Semiconductor, Robert Noyce and Gordon Moore, would go on to found Intel.

Law firms

The rise of Silicon Valley was also bolstered by the development of appropriate legal infrastructure to support the rapid formation, funding, and expansion of high-tech companies, as well as the development of a critical mass of litigators and judges experienced in resolving disputes between such firms. From the early 1980s onward, many national (and later international) law firms opened offices in San Francisco and Palo Alto in order to provide Silicon Valley startups with legal services. Furthermore, California law has a number of quirks which help entrepreneurs establish startups at the expense of established firms, such as a nearly absolute ban on non-compete clauses in employment agreements.

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Wed Jan 07, 2015 8:23 am

Homebrew Computer Club

The Homebrew Computer Club was an informal group of electronic enthusiasts and technically minded hobbyists who gathered to trade parts, circuits, and information pertaining to DIY construction of computing devices. It was started by Gordon French and Fred Moore who met at the Community Computer Center in Menlo Park. They both were interested in maintaining a regular, open forum for people to get together to work on making computers more accessible to everyone.

The first meeting was held in March 1975 in French's garage in Menlo Park, San Mateo County, California, on the occasion of the arrival in the area of the first MITS Altair microcomputer, a unit sent for review by People's Computer Company. Steve Wozniak credits that first meeting with inspiring him to design the Apple I. Subsequent meetings were held at an auditorium at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center.

Venture capital firms

By the early 1970s, there were many semiconductor companies in the area, computer firms using their devices, and programming and service companies serving both. Industrial space was plentiful and housing was still inexpensive. The growth was fueled by the emergence of the venture capital industry on Sand Hill Road, beginning with Kleiner Perkins in 1972; the availability of venture capital exploded after the successful $1.3 billion IPO of Apple Computer in December 1980.

The rise of software

Although semiconductors are still a major component of the area's economy, Silicon Valley has been most famous in recent years for innovations in software and Internet services. Silicon Valley has significantly influenced computer operating systems, software, and user interfaces.

Using money from NASA and the United States Air Force, Doug Engelbart invented the mouse and hypertext-based collaboration tools in the mid-1960s, while at Stanford Research Institute (now SRI International). When Engelbart's Augmentation Research Center declined in influence due to personal conflicts and the loss of government funding, Xerox hired some of Engelbart's best researchers. In turn, in the 1970s and 1980s, Xerox's Palo Alto Research Center (PARC) played a pivotal role in object-oriented programming, graphical user interfaces (GUIs), Ethernet, PostScript, and laser printers.

While Xerox marketed equipment using its technologies, for the most part its technologies flourished elsewhere. The diaspora of Xerox inventions led directly to 3Com and Adobe Systems, and indirectly to Cisco, Apple Computer, and Microsoft. Apple's Macintosh GUI was largely a result of Steve Jobs' visit to PARC and the subsequent hiring of key personnel. Cisco's impetus stemmed from the need to route a variety of protocols over Stanford's campus Ethernet.



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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  pinhedz on Wed Jan 07, 2015 3:54 pm

^
Pretty dry reading.

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  pinhedz on Wed Jan 07, 2015 9:43 pm

I got just three words to say about your pathetic transistors and "silicon" --CONTROL DATA CORPORATION.

If you really think that everyone should be carrying around a computer, thank Seymour Cray. Everyone else was eating his dust trying to catch up. Razz

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  .... on Mon Jan 26, 2015 8:58 am


....

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  pinhedz on Sun Mar 01, 2015 3:32 pm

I think I might have undersold the virtues of the home state -- I'll take the blame. Neutral

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Sun Mar 15, 2015 6:57 am

I have seen confusion on the website, so I will clarify.  First of all there is Northern California and Southern California.  Southern California has 10 counties.  Northern California has 48 counties. Northern California's diverse geography ranges from the sandy beaches of the Pacific coast to the rugged, snow-capped Sierra Nevada mountains in the east.

The central portion of the region is dominated by the Central Valley, one of the most vital agricultural areas in the country.

The Sierra Nevada contains Yosemite Valley, famous for its glacially-carved domes, and Sequoia National Park, home to the largest trees on Earth, the giant sequoia trees, and the highest point in the contiguous United States, Mount Whitney. The tallest living things on Earth, the ancient redwood trees, dot the coastline, mainly north of San Francisco, and in the Santa Cruz Mountains.

It also includes one of the largest brackish marshes in Western United States, Suisun Marsh. The area is also known for its fertile farm and ranch lands, wine country, the high mountains of the southern Cascade Range, the Trinity Alps, and the Klamath Mountains, lakes, and the windswept sagebrush steppe, in the northeast portion of the region. Lake Shasta, located between the north end of the Sacramento Valley and Mount Shasta, is the largest reservoir, and is the third largest body of water after Lake Tahoe and the Salton Sea, in California. It was created by the construction of Shasta Dam across the Sacramento River, which was completed in 1945.

The climate can be generally characterized by its marine to warm Mediterranean climates along the coast, to somewhat Continental Mediterranean Climate in the valley to alpine climate zones in the high mountains. Apart from the San Francisco Bay Area and Sacramento metropolitan areas (and some other cities in the Central Valley), it is a region of relatively low population density.

Lake Tahoe is a large freshwater lake in the Sierra Nevada. At a surface elevation of 6,225 ft (1,897 m), it is located along the border between California and Nevada, west of Carson City. Lake Tahoe is the largest alpine lake in North America. Its depth is 1,645 ft (501 m), making it the second deepest in the United States after Crater Lake. Additionally, Lake Tahoe is the sixth largest lake by volume in the United States at 122,160,280 acre·ft, behind the five Great Lakes.

The lake was formed about 2 million years ago and is a part of the Lake Tahoe Basin with the modern lake being shaped during the ice ages. It is known for the clarity of its water and the panorama of surrounding mountains on all sides.

Lake Tahoe is a major tourist attraction in both Nevada and California. It is home to a number of ski resorts, summer outdoor recreation, and tourist attractions. Snow and skiing are a significant part of the area's economy and reputation. Mountain and lake scenery are attractions throughout the year. The Nevada side also includes large casinos. Highways provide year-round access from Reno, Carson City, and Sacramento.


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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  pinhedz on Sun Mar 15, 2015 9:05 am

Yakima Canutt wrote:Lake Tahoe is a large freshwater lake in the Sierra Nevada. At a surface elevation of 6,225 ft (1,897 m), it is located along the border between California and Nevada, west of Carson City. Lake Tahoe is the largest alpine lake in North America. Its depth is 1,645 ft (501 m), making it the second deepest in the United States after Crater Lake. Additionally, Lake Tahoe is the sixth largest lake by volume in the United States at 122,160,280 acre·ft, behind the five Great Lakes.

The lake was formed about 2 million years ago and is a part of the Lake Tahoe Basin with the modern lake being shaped during the ice ages. It is known for the clarity of its water and the panorama of surrounding mountains on all sides.

Lake Tahoe is a major tourist attraction in both Nevada and California. It is home to a number of ski resorts, summer outdoor recreation, and tourist attractions. Snow and skiing are a significant part of the area's economy and reputation. Mountain and lake scenery are attractions throughout the year. The Nevada side also includes large casinos. Highways provide year-round access from Reno, Carson City, and Sacramento.
Fun fact--Grushchenka performed at a venue in Lake Tahoe back in the day. She said that the girls wore little outfits that had lights embedded in them, and at certain big moments in their song-and-dance routine, the little lights would turn on, hi-liting the girls private parts. Rolling Eyes

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Sun Mar 15, 2015 9:27 am

maybe it was the Club Cal-Neva



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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Sun Sep 20, 2015 3:39 pm

http://www.bayareasportsguy.com/fair-or-not-new-fight-video-doesnt-help-49ers-fans-less-than-sterling-reputation/



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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  pinhedz on Mon Sep 21, 2015 1:42 am

Yakima Canutt wrote:maybe it was the Club Cal-Neva
I believe that Grushchenka could still fit into the costume; she hasn't been bo-toxed or lifted, tho.

But after she finishes the current African tour she might be able to resume the Tahoe gig--assuming low-light conditions.

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Mon Sep 21, 2015 8:28 am



http://www.calnevarevealed.com/


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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  woo on Fri Jan 22, 2016 3:22 pm

Hey, Minnesota has frozen pants on display! Woohoo! Now they all have something to do on Friday night.













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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Sat Jan 23, 2016 7:36 am


Conchita says that guise isn't just Lord Byron, it is an animated statue of Lord Byron


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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Sat Jan 23, 2016 7:42 am


Conchita says you will not really understand the video unless you watch the 20 minutes version



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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  woo on Sat Jan 23, 2016 9:34 am

Yakima Canutt wrote:
Conchita says you will not really understand the video unless you watch the 20 minutes version




I am too busy checking out this NewsBusters you brought up in another post to have the time to spend twenty minutes with Bowie. Are there Cliff notes?












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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

Post  Yakima Canutt on Sat Jan 23, 2016 12:16 pm

The film depicts the adventures of the socially incompetent Vic (played by Dave) as he tries to win the affections of a beautiful girl by claiming to personally know her favourite rock star, Screamin' Lord Byron (also played by Dave). Rightfully disbelieving him, she challenges Vic to introduce her to him. They make a date for a Screamin' Lord Byron show, where Vic attempts to sneak backstage to convince Mr. Screamin' to come say hello to him and the girl after the show.

Screamin' does come to Vic's table after the show and says hello to him and the girl, but the girl and Screamin' Lord Byron have already met (in Peru), and she leaves with the rock star instead of Vic. As they drive off, Dave breaks the fourth wall and asks the director why the story changed from his concept.

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Re: Minnesota vs California -- it's time that we settled this feud once and for all

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