Slavery

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Re: Slavery

Post  pinhedz on Tue Jan 31, 2012 3:44 am

Interesting note in the epilogue--James Hemings was freed, left Monticello, and then came back.

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Re: Slavery

Post  pinhedz on Tue Jan 31, 2012 4:46 am

Mark Twain's late book "The Tragedy of Pudd'nhead Wilson" has a character named Roxy, a light-skinned female slave, who I suspect is based on Sally Hemings:



Roxie has a son by the master of the estate. The master's wife bears a son about the same time. Roxy switches the babies, so that her child will be raised as the heir to the estate. The switch fools everyone, because both babies look like the master.


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Re: Slavery

Post  pinhedz on Tue Jan 31, 2012 4:53 am

After Roxy's boy had been raised for 18 years as the rightful heir to the estate, the switch was found out. So, the rightful heir, who had been a field hand for 18 years, was brought into the great manor house to assume his proper role. But he feels more than a little out of his element, and mostly hangs out with the kitchen staff.

Meanwhile, Roxy's son, who had been raised as a southern gentleman, was sold "down the river" (i.e., to a Mississippi cotton plantation), where he probably did not survive long.

in real life, the master's widow probably would have taken care of both boys, but Mark Twain in later life relished cruel irony--the crueler the better.

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Re: Slavery

Post  pinhedz on Tue Jan 31, 2012 5:13 am

Ibrahim Petrovich Hannibal was a slave belonging to Peter the Great.



He was evidently originally from Ethiopia, but was presented to Peter the Great as a gift from the Turks in 1704 at the age of 8.

He was educated in the arts, sciences and warfare, was fluent in several languages, and knew mathematics and geometry. He fought with the forces of Louis XV of France against Louis' uncle Philip V of Spain, and rose to the rank of captain. Voltaire called him the "dark star of the Enlightenment." Eventually he rose to the rank of major-general and became governor of Estonia from 1742 to 1752.


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Re: Slavery

Post  pinhedz on Tue Jan 31, 2012 5:16 am

He was the grandfather of Alexander Pushkin, Russia's greatest poet, who is revered in Russia as Shakespeare is in England:

[img][/img]

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Re: Slavery

Post  pinhedz on Tue Jan 31, 2012 5:59 am

One of Pushkin's works tells the story of Ibrahim Gannibal.

Here we see the story condensed to 12 minutes with the role of Ibrahim played by a Jewish folksinger (no need to know Russian):




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Re: Slavery

Post  eddie on Sat Feb 04, 2012 8:32 am

Slavery goes back a long way:

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eIpkNVL1JNQ
Ode to Flavia from Up Pompei- Frankie Howerd.

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Re: Slavery

Post  pinhedz on Fri Feb 10, 2012 7:26 am

There is a PBS documentary on "convict leasing" that has many people up in arms over this past injustice. "Convict leasing," which means that convicted criminals would work for private companies instead of public work projects, is being called "slavery by another name."

For some reason, forced labor for a private company is being called "slavery," while for some reason working on a chain gang is considered a legitimate practice.

http://www.pbs.org/tpt/slavery-by-another-name/themes/convict-leasing/

I'm confused. The explanations condemning convict leasing seem mostly misdirected. Here are some of the charges:

-- Many of the black convicts were arrested for minor offenses, like being drunk and disorderly.

I don't doubt that many convicts that were punished more harshly than they deserved, but that is a different question--it doesn't necessarily mean that convict leasing is always a bad practice even when the sentences are fair.

-- Conditions in some of the mines and work camps were very harsh.

This also is a bad thing, but it's the work conditions that should be condemned, not necessarily the practice of convict leasing.

-- Black convicts got the worst of it.

Another bad thing that should be condemned, but it was the discrimination that was bad, not necessarily the practice of convict leasing, no?

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Re: Slavery

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